Attica is a historical region of Greece, containing Athens, the current capital of Greece. The historical region is centered on the Attic peninsula, which projects into the Aegean Sea. There is a modern periphery (administrative region) of Greece, also named Attica, which is more extensive than the historical region, and includes several islands, and part of the Peloponnese.
The heritage of the classical era is still evident in Athens, represented by a number of ancient monuments and works of art, the most famous of all being the Parthenon, widely considered a key landmark of early Western civilization. The city also retains a vast variety of Roman and Byzantine monuments, as well as a smaller number of remaining Ottoman monuments.
The Penteli mountains that are covered with forests lie to the west and southwest while farmlands are within Petalies Gulf and to the north except for the downtown part of Nea Makri. Beaches cover the eastern part and restaurants, hotels, and tavernas cover the area within the shoreline. Nea Makri is located NE of Athens
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